- 1 tomato
- 2 method of storing tomatoes
- 3 The benefits of tomatoes
- 4 nutritional value of tomatoes
- 5 Warning consumption of tomatoes
- 6 References
Known as the tomato belongs scientifically as Solanum lycopersicum to platoon Solanaceae (in English: Nightshade Family), which is native to return to South America, and are classified botanically as types of fruit, but it is eaten and preparing a kind of vegetables, tomatoes and is available in several forms, flavors and colors, including that; Yellow, orange, green, purple, but they are usually the same red color when mature, are tomatoes rich in many nutrients; As vitamin C, potassium, folate, and vitamin K, as they contain many plant compounds, such as beta-carotene (in English: Beta Carotene), and Narengjinin (in English: Naringenin), and chlorogenic acid (in English: Chlorogenic Acid), in addition to lycopene ( English: Lycopene),  which is the most powerful antioxidant, a gives the tomato red color and is believed to play a role in reducing the risk of cancer, heart disease, disease and macular degeneration (in English: macular degeneration), it is worth noting that Cuba is one cooked tomatoes contain 7298 micrograms of lycopene. 
Method of storing tomatoes
It advised not to store the fruits of fresh tomatoes in the refrigerator; Where it can lead to the fragmentation of pulp, reduce the flavor, and instead can be stored in a cool dry place, it should be noted that it is advisable when buying tomatoes, choose fresh fruits full of, enjoying a soft and shiny crust, and must have color uniform and consistent, and should be pointing out that the tomatoes may be available in several forms, including; Canned or mashed, or tomato paste or sauce, or even cooked items, usually sodium is added to those products in order to prolong shelf-life. 
The benefits of tomatoes
Tomatoes are classified among the fruits and vegetables as one of the top ten to contain residues of pesticides, so it is recommended to wash them well before eating, however the tomato has many health benefits to all body systems, and recall of those benefits as follows: 
- Help reduce the risk of cancer: where tomatoes are considered rich in vitamin C sources, antioxidants, and thus help to combat formation of free radicals, which are associated with causing cancer; A study found that lycopene reduces the risk of prostate cancer, and beta-carotene reduces the risk of colon cancer.
- Contribute to maintaining the health of the heart: where the tomatoes contain many nutrients that play a role in maintaining heart health, such as; Fiber, vitamin C, choline, and potassium; As the increase in the intake of potassium-rich foods, such as tomatoes, in addition to the low intake it is rich in sodium foods, the most important dietary changes that may help reduce the risk of heart disease and blood vessels.
- Contribute to lowering blood sugar: where studies have shown that people with diabetes type I, and who eat high meals in fiber, such as tomatoes, have lower levels of glucose in the blood, while people with diabetes type II may notice an improvement in the levels of sugar in the blood, in addition to the levels of fat, and insulin.
- Contribute to reducing the incidence of constipation: It turns out that eating foods that contain a high percentage of water and fiber, such as tomatoes, may help to hydrate the body, and promote natural bowel movement, and this in turn helps to reduce constipation.
- Help lower blood cholesterol levels: where examined one study the effect of tomato products consumption in cholesterol levels in the blood, and the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, the granting of participants either a diet free of tomatoes for 3 weeks, or a diet rich in juice tomatoes and ketchup tomatoes for 3 weeks, was observed at the end of the study participants who followed a diet rich in tomatoes decreased by 5.9% in the level of total cholesterol, and decreased by 12.9% in the level of LDL cholesterol, compared with the other group, it turns out that the lycopene found in tomatoes contributed to the cholesterol-lowering LDL oxidized. 
- Help reduce asthma attacks: some research indicated that eating certain types of tomato extracts, may help reduce asthma symptoms in people who have asthma attacks after or during exercise. 
The nutritional value of tomatoes
The following table shows the content of one cup or equal to 180 grams of red tomatoes fresh food items: 
Warning tomato consumption
Eating tomatoes safe food on health, and the use of some extracts are also considered safe that period did not exceed consumption for eight weeks, while the leaves of tomatoes is not advisable to consume in large quantities; As it may cause poisoning, which leads to the emergence of some symptoms such as; Irritation occurs sharp in the mouth and throat, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, mild cramps, and may cause death in severe cases, but for the safety of tomatoes on a pregnant or breastfeeding women, it is safe ingested in quantities of food, and should not be consumed in large quantities in order to treatment; So as not to provide sufficient information about the safety of these quantities on health. 
- ↑ Adda Bjarnadottir (25-3-2019), "Tomatoes 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits"، www.healthline.com, Retrieved 10-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ Daisy Whitbread (9-4-2019), "Top 10 Foods Highest in Lycopene"، www.myfooddata.com, Retrieved 10-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ Barbie Cervoni (31-1-2019), "Tomato Nutrition Facts"، www.verywellfit.com, Retrieved 10-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ Megan Ware (25-9-2017), "Everything you need to know about tomatoes"، www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved 10-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ Jennifer Moll (19-5-2018), "Can Tomatoes Help Lower Your Cholesterol?"، www.verywellhealth.com, Retrieved 10-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ "TOMATO", www.rxlist.com, Retrieved 10-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ "Basic Report: 11529, Tomatoes, red, ripe, raw, year round average", www.ndb.nal.usda.gov, Retrieved 10-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ "TOMATO", www.webmd.com, Retrieved 10-4-2019. Edited.
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